ASSOCIATE DEGREE NURSING PROGRAMS
Dr. Mildred Montag originally conceived the concept of a two-year community college-based program in Registered Nursing education at Columbia University in 1950. She believed that the educational concepts and principles of the practice of Registered Nursing could be learned in two years and belonged in a college setting. As a result of her work and study of five pilot ADN Programs, including one in Michigan, the Associate Degree Nurse was born.
Six years after the inception of this new approach to nursing education, in 1956, Flint Junior College opened its doors to the first class of ADN students. Since then, the number of entering students, successful graduates and practitioners has steadily continued to rise. Since 1958, over 4,000 nurses have graduated from the MCC ADN Program. Approximately 85% of nurses practicing in the Genesee, Lapeer and Shiawassee (counties) area are graduates of the program at Mott.
A NURSING SHORTAGE
Over the years, the profession of nursing has experienced many fluctuations in its workforce. Since the beginning of the new millennium, we have been thrust into what has been described as one of the most significant and severe shortages of health care workers — especially nurses — that has ever been witnessed. The causes of the current nursing shortage are complex and far-reaching. The potential solutions are just as complex. Students and graduates of the MCC Nursing Program can expect to give testimony to many changes in the future of health care and nursing, as well as countless opportunities along the way. Graduates of our program are in high demand and are sought after by employers from a vast array of health care service areas — both locally and outside the immediate vicinity!
THE MCC RN PIN
Another symbol that represents the educational beginning of the graduate nurse is the pin of the program from which the nurse received his/her basic education. Like the cap, the pin of a Nursing program is deeply rooted in history and tradition. And, like the cap, the pin is unique to the Nursing program and identifies the nurse as a graduate from that program. The MCC RN pin is a simple black and gold design which features the Florence Nightingale lamp surrounded by the initials “MCCN,” which identifies the nurse as a graduate from Mott Community College.
THE MCC RN CAP
Nursing "caps" have historically significant meaning in nursing. Each School of Nursing has its own unique nursing cap. The cap of the MCC ADN Program is significant in that it was designed by one of the early classes of students. They had very high regard for a nurse in the local area that practiced what she believed and was a significant role model for the aspiring nurses. This nurse demonstrated nursing care that upheld the principle that each person is an individual. The students of those early years identified strongly with her, and with her permission, designed the cap that was modeled after hers. Today, the wearing of caps by nurses is largely an optional part of the nurse’s uniform, but if you look hard, you will find one!
Florence Nightingale was an English nurse who was also a reformer of nursing and health care. Many modern nursing theories and techniques can be traced back to her. Because of her contributions to the profession of nursing, Florence Nightingale is considered to be an icon of modern nursing throughout the world.
Florence Nightingale was born in Florence, Italy on May 12, 1820. During her early years, Florence’s family divided their time between homes in England in the districts of Derbyshire and Hampshire. Education of women in the 19th century primarily occurred in the home and it was no different for Florence and her sister. They were taught by their father, himself educated at Cambridge University.
Florence Nightingale, an intelligent and attractive young woman, was admired in her family’s circle of friends and acquaintances. Like women of her era, Florence was expected to marry and raise a family. At only 17 years of age, however, Florence experienced an event that she later described as her “calling.” She related that she heard the voice of God calling her to do His work. At the time, Florence had no idea what that work would be.
As the years passed, Florence made visits to the homes of the sick in the local villages. These experiences led her to begin to investigate hospitals and nursing. During the 19th century, however, nursing was not considered to be a suitable profession for well-educated women. Florence’s parents refused to allow her to become a nurse. In 1850, during travels through Germany, she visited Pastor Theodor Fliedner’s hospital and school for deaconesses at Kaiserswerth. The next year, Florence returned to Kaiserswerth to complete three months of nursing training. In 1853, after completion of her training, Florence filled a vacancy in London as Superintendent of the Establishment for Gentlewomen during illness.
In 1854, war was declared on Russia—ushering in the Crimean War. The allies (Britain, France and Turkey) defeated the Russians at a battle of the Alma, but news reports criticized the British medical facilities for the wounded. Florence Nightingale was appointed by the Minister of War to oversee the introduction of female nurses into the military hospitals in Turkey. Until this time, women were never permitted to perform any role in war and military operations. Over the course of the Crimean War, Florence became known as the “Lady-in-Chief” and was widely respected by the soldiers. Florence also became know as the “Lady with the Lamp” because of her selfless duty during the Crimean War. Recognition of Florence Nightingale’s efforts spread back to England and she continued to be instrumental in the reform of nursing in British civil hospitals. As a tribute to her, the lamp icon became symbolic of nursing.
Florence Nightingale’s greatest achievement was to raise nursing to the level of a respectable profession. In 1860, she established the Nightingale Training School for nurses at St. Thomas’ Hospital in London and became its head. At the school, probationary nurses received a full year of training that consisted of some lectures, but was mainly practical work under the supervision of the ward sister (staff nurse). Florence remained closely involved with the work of the students and scrutinized their diaries and reports. Upon completion of the training program, graduate nurses were sent to staff hospitals and establish training schools in Britain and abroad. The Nightingale Training School became a model upon which modern nursing programs were based.
Over the next several years, Florence continued to pay close attention to the School and the students. She often addressed them in open letters that offered and encouragement. Her most noted work, Notes on Nursing, was published in 1860 and laid down the basic principles of nursing: careful observation and sensitivity to the patient’s needs. The book has been translated into eleven languages and continues in print today.
Other contributions of Florence Nightingale included improvements in the area of asepsis and infection control. Florence believed that infection arose spontaneously in dirty and poorly ventilated places. Although this theory was a mistaken belief, it still led to improvements in hygiene and healthier living and working environments.
In her later years, Florence experienced frail health and was bedridden for many years. This did not stop her efforts, however. She continued to work to improve health standards and elevate the role of nursing in the health care arena. Florence was the recipient of many awards and honors for her work. Among these were the Royal Red Cross and the Order of Merit (she was the first woman to receive this award).
Florence Nightingale died at home on August 13, 1910 at the age of 90. Her farsighted work and reforms had a significant impact on the nature of modern health care that continues to this day. Her writings are a valuable resource for nurses around the world.
Source: Florence Nightingale Museum Trust (2003); London
The Nightingale Pledge •
I solemnly pledge myself before God and in the presence of
this assembly to faithfully practice my profession of nursing.
I will do all in my power to make and maintain the highest
standards and practices of my profession.
I will hold in confidence all personal matters committed to my
keeping in the practice of my calling. I will assist the physician
in his work and will devote myself to the welfare of my patients,
my family and my community.
I will endeavor to fulfill my rights and privileges as a good
citizen and take my share of responsibility in promoting health
and welfare of the community.
I will constantly endeavor to increase my knowledge and skills
and to use them wisely. I will zealously seek to nurse those
who are ill wherever they may be and whenever they are in need.
I will be active in assisting others in safeguarding and
promoting the health and happiness of mankind.
• This is a variation of the original Nightingale Pledge that was first used by the Detroit Harper Hospital’s graduating class in the spring of 1893. The pledge is an adaptation of the Hippocratic Oath taken by physicians.
THE COLLEGEAt the time the Nursing Program began, Mott Community College was known as Flint Junior College (FJC) and was under the jurisdiction of the Flint Board of Education. The College’s name was next changed to Flint Community Junior College (FCJC). In 1955, the College was moved over to its present campus from Central High School.
In June 1969, voters of Genesee Intermediate School District approved the creation of an expanded community college district with an elected Board of Trustees and a new tax levy. The College became Genesee Community College (GCC). In 1973, the College was renamed Charles Stewart Mott Community College (MCC) in honor of the man who aided the College in many ways, including donation of the land for the College’s present main campus. The College is accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools. (See the College Catalog for more information.)