Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) / Americans with Disabilities Amendments Act
- Prohibits employers from discriminating against a “qualified individual with a disability”
in all aspects of employment. It also defines circumstances where employers are required
to make “reasonable accommodations” for people with disabilities to perform their
job functions. 42 USC 12101 et. seq.
Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA)
- Prohibits employers from discriminating based on age in hiring and other aspects of
employment against individuals who are 40 years of age or older. 29 USC 621 et seq.
Elliott-Larsen Civil Rights Act
- A Michigan law, similar to the federal Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964,
prohibiting discrimination against employees in any term or condition of employment
based on age, sex, familial status, race, national origin, color, religion, marital
status, height, weight, or pregnancy. 37.2201 et seq.
Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA)
- Under Title II of GINA, it is illegal to discriminate against employees or applicants
because of genetic information. Title II of GINA prohibits the use of genetic information
in making employment decisions, restricts acquisition of genetic information by employers
and other entities covered by Title II, and strictly limits the disclosure of genetic
information. 29 USC 216(e)
Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA)
- The IRCA requires employers to hire only United States citizens, Nationals of the
United States, or Aliens who are authorized to work in the United States. Employers
are prohibited from discriminating against individuals on the basis of national origin
Michigan’s Persons with Disabilities Civil Rights Act
- This is a state law that provides coverage
similar to the ADA. MCL 37.1101 et seq.
Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA)
- The PDA prohibits discrimination against women on the basis of pregnancy and childbirth
and protects women from being fired, refused a job, being able to return to their
job, or receiving a promotion as the result of her pregnancy or childbirth.
42 USC 2000e(k)
Title VII of Civil Rights Act of 1964
- Prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex,
pregnancy or national origin.
Over the years, case law under Title VII has defined sexual harassment and its penalties.
Get more information on Mott’s policy on sexual harassment and procedure for reporting
it here: MCC Policies and Procedures
Uniformed Services Employment and Re-employment Rights Act of 1994,
- Prohibits discrimination of employment based on uniformed services (military) membership
and service. Generally, a person re-employed by an employer is entitled to the seniority
and other rights and benefits the employee would have received if he/she had remained
continuously employed. When employment is reinstated the employee is generally protected
from discharge for one year except for cause. 38 USC 4301 et. seq.
June 28, 2017