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Civil Rights

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) / Americans with Disabilities Amendments Act (ADAAA)

Prohibits employers from discriminating against a “qualified individual with a disability” in all aspects of employment. It also defines circumstances where employers are required to make “reasonable accommodations” for people with disabilities to perform their job functions. 42 USC 12101 et. seq.

Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA)

Prohibits employers from discriminating based on age in hiring and other aspects of employment against individuals who are 40 years of age or older. 29 USC 621 et seq.

Elliott-Larsen Civil Rights Act

A Michigan law, similar to the federal Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, prohibiting discrimination against employees in any term or condition of employment based on age, sex, familial status, race, national origin, color, religion, marital status, height, weight, or pregnancy. 37.2201 et seq.

Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA)

Under Title II of GINA, it is illegal to discriminate against employees or applicants because of genetic information. Title II of GINA prohibits the use of genetic information in making employment decisions, restricts acquisition of genetic information by employers and other entities covered by Title II, and strictly limits the disclosure of genetic information. 29 USC 216(e)

Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA)

The IRCA requires employers to hire only United States citizens, Nationals of the United States, or Aliens who are authorized to work in the United States. Employers are prohibited from discriminating against individuals on the basis of national origin or citizenship.

Michigan’s Persons with Disabilities Civil Rights Act

This is a state law that provides coverage similar to the ADA. MCL 37.1101 et seq.

Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA)

The PDA prohibits discrimination against women on the basis of pregnancy and childbirth and protects women from being fired, refused a job, being able to return to their job, or receiving a promotion as the result of her pregnancy or childbirth. 42 USC 2000e(k)

Title VII of Civil Rights Act of 1964

Prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, pregnancy or national origin.

Over the years, case law under Title VII has defined sexual harassment and its penalties. Get more information on Mott’s policy on sexual harassment and procedure for reporting it here: MCC Policies and Procedures

Uniformed Services Employment and Re-employment Rights Act of 1994,

Prohibits discrimination of employment based on uniformed services (military) membership and service. Generally, a person re-employed by an employer is entitled to the seniority and other rights and benefits the employee would have received if he/she had remained continuously employed. When employment is reinstated the employee is generally protected from discharge for one year except for cause. 38 USC 4301 et. seq.

Summary of Employment Laws for Employees

February 22, 2018
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