APA Style Citation Guide
Find examples for citing your resources using APA style. These examples represent the most common types of references. Many more examples are available using the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.
Citation Builders are form based services that will help you create a citation or reference based on a particular style. They will supply the commas (,), periods (.), colons (:), spacing and placement for you, but will not correct capitalization, spelling or abbreviations. NoodleTools does a good job. Others are readily available by searching the Internet for “citation builder.” Most of these services are available free of charge.
NoodleTools Express provides a citation tool for MLA, APA, and Chicago styles. Select the citation style, then the type of resource you are citing, and fill in the blanks based on the format (print, databases, etc.). Once submitted, copy the generated citation and paste it into your document for final formatting.
KnightCite Citation Service provides a citation tool for APA, MLA, and Chicago styles. Select the citation style, then the type of resource you are citing, and fill in the blanks. Once submitted, copy the generated citation and paste it into your document for final formatting.
Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL). Recommended by Mott faculty, Purdue’s Online Writing Lab is an award winning instructional website. In addition to citation styles, OWL provides guidance for all aspects of your research project and writing needs.
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APA STYLE REFERENCE EXAMPLES
Books, Reference Books, and Book Chapters (author not given):
The bachelor. (2008). In The encyclopedia of reality television: The ultimate guide to over 20 years of reality TV from the Real World to Dancing With the Stars (pp. 210-215). New York: Pocket Book.
Survivor. (2009). In Encyclopedia of television shows, 1925 through 2007 (Vol. 4, pp. 425-435). Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
Carson, B. (2000). Frames and fictions on television: The politics of identity within drama. Portland, OR: Intellect Books. Retrieved from NetLibrary.
Hutchby, I. (2001). Confrontation as spectacle: The argumentative frame of the Ricki Lake Show. In A. Tolson (Ed.), Television talk shows: Discourse, performance, spectacle (pp. 155-172). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Murray, S., & Ouellette, L. (2004). Reality TV: Remaking television culture. New York: New York UP.
Reality TV shows encourage immoral behavior. (2006). In J. Carroll (Ed.), Opposing Viewpoints: Television. San Diego: Greenhaven Press. Retrieved from Opposing Viewpoints in Context via Gale.
Actress Shayne Lamas says she hopes her new reality show featuring her siblings and parents will bring her family closer together [Electronic version]. (2009, October 5). Washington Times, p. B7. Retrieved from InfoTrac Newsstand via Gale.
Competitive reality shows dominate local ratings [Electronic version]. (2009, September 20). Chattanooga Times/Free Press, p. NA. Retrieved from InfoTrac Newsstand via Gale.
Media: the fallout from 15 minutes of fame: as reality tv producers introduce more vulnerable people to pull in jaded viewers, they have increased the psychological help available [Electronic version]. (2009, August 24). The Guardian (London, England), p. 2. Retrieved from InfoTrac Newsstand via Gale.
Antics in the attic; reality TV: Created in Europe; sold in America. (2001, May 26). The Economist, 6.
Schneider, M. (2009, October 5). Reeling from reality: As franchises lose viewers, nets are left in the lurch. Variety, 1(2). Retrieved from WilsonSelectPlus via OCLC.
Streisand, B. (2001, January 22). Did you say reality TV? or surreal TV? U.S. News & World Report, 36.
Ward, K. (2009, October 30). Stupid parents + reality TV = kids at risk. Entertainment Weekly, 30. Retrieved from General OneFile via Gale.
Young, T. (2009, January 17). How a reality show gave me back my title as least popular person in America. Spectator, 309. Retrieved from Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center via Gale.
Academic Journals (Electronic databases or print):
Baruh, L. (2009). Publicized intimacies on reality television: An analysis of voyeuristic content and its contribution to the appeal of reality programming. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 53(2), 190-211. Retrieved from General OneFile via Gale.
Houck, M. M. (2009). CSI: reality—attorneys, investigators and educators have felt the impact of television's popular forensics programs. Scientific American, 295(1), 84-89.
McVey, C. (2001). Reality bites: Do participants in reality TV shows really know what they are getting into? Cynthia McVey argues that informed consent isn't all it's cracked up to be. New Scientist, 294(5545), 1262-1263. Retrieved from JSTOR.
Pointon, C. (2006). Beware 'big brother'. Therapy Today, 17(10), 4-7. Retrieved from CINAHL Plus with Full-Text via EBSCOhost.
Shouse, B. (2001). Reality TV puts group behavior to the test. Science, 294(5545), 1262-1263. Retrieved from JSTOR.
Websites and Video Blogs:
Reality television. (2009, October 27). In Wikipedia: The free encyclopedia. Retrieved October 21, 2010 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reality_television.
Guttentag, Bill. (2008, February 13). Why are reality TV shows so popular? Commonwealth Club of California. San Francisco. Lecture [video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QAnAoM96WxE.
Prepared by members of the
Mott Library staff, April 2011